The Dresden manuscript of the 16th century, written in Arab language with red emphases, is the only completely preserved textual memory of the national epic of the Turk speaking nomadic people of the Oghuz. These were the ancestors of Turks, Azerbaijani and Turkmen.
The author and bard Dede Korkut tells twelve tales of Oghuz heroes, customs and wars, whose oral tradition go back to the 1st century. The manuscript is traceable for the first time in a catalog of the Saxon Electoral Library of around 1750. The present Turk leather binding was added in 2004.